Why Is It That Allah May Want What He Dislikes?

Dr. Saleh as-Saleh
Source: Fate In Islam: The Salaf’s Guide To The Methodology
Of Al-Qadaa’ Wal-Qadar

If someone asks how is it that Allaah wants something yet He dislikes it? How
one can understand such concept?

We all know that there are many drug prescriptions disliked and hated for their
smell and taste, yet when it is known that there is a cure in them, we take them
and we love them for that!

Travelling a long and difficult journey to achieve something desired and loved is
another example. If it is known that a surgical removal of a diseased part of the
body would save the rest of it, it is disliked and hated from one side and liked
from another.

So, it is not contradictory to have love and hate combined in addressing one
matter. This is true with the created being, so what about Allaah the Creator
Whom there is nothing hidden from Him and to Whom belongs the Perfect
Wisdom?

He, the Exalted, hates a matter in itself and, on the other hand, wants it because
of its link to yet another matter, or because it is a means that leads to something
He loves. In all of His actions, Allaah has the Perfect Wisdom. We may recognise
part of His Wisdom, or the general aspects of it, but not its complete details.

One vivid case about this subject is the Creation of Iblees, who is the sponsor of
every corruption and evil in this world. He is hated from one side, yet Allaah
wanted his creation because he is a means for many beloved things to Allaah,
and that there is great wisdom behind his creation.

Similarly, there is wisdom behind the creation of calamities, sufferings, hardships,
etc. that speak about the Favours of Allaah, His Justice, and His Mercy. Some of
this wisdom includes [1]:

Tests for the believers

Training and strengthening of the believer’s faith

An evidence for the weakness of man and his need for his Rabb, and that he has
no success unless he humbles himself to his Creator

A way to expiate sins and an elevation to higher degrees in the Sight of Allaah

The Prophet (sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“There is nothing (in the form of trouble) that touches the believer, even the
pricking of a thorn, except that Allaah decrees a good for him or effaces one of
his sins because of that.” [2]

It is a means for receiving reward for both, the ill Muslim and the Muslim doctor
in charge.
Witnessing the occurrence of favours and blessings after calamities and hardships
has more profound effects and generates a meaningful and proper appreciation of
Allaah’s Power, Wisdom, Mercy and Justice. He, the Exalted, is to be Praised on
all of His Decrees.

An appreciation for good health and the well-being of one’s self.

A reminder about what is more devastating, Hell.

A lesson to remember and a build up of eagerness for Paradise.

…And many more wisdoms of which we may know or we may not know. We
cannot say: How did Allaah allow this and prevent that? Nor how did He create
this, and how come He did not create that? Nothing escapes His Ability, and
nothing occurs in His Kingdom except that He had willed it; He owes us nothing;
if He gives, then it’s His Favour and if He prevents, then it is His Justice.

“If Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) puts a person under certain tests and trials
and the person recognises that He must resort to Allaah alone seeking His help,
then this is a good sign for him; the trials turn to purification and mercy. If, on
the other hand, he rejects, complains, and turns away from Allaah and resorts to
human beings like him, then this is a bad sign for him; the trials turn to
punishment and misery upon him.”
[3]

Footnotes:

[1] See: The Belief in al-Qadaa’ wal-Qadar by Muhammad bin Ibraheem al-
Hamad, Pgs. 85-89. Published by Daar Ibn Khuzaymah, Riyadh, K.S.A,
1415AH/1994

[2] Saheeh Muslim, Vol. 4, Hadeeth No. 6241

[3] Summarized from Ibn al-Qayyim’s Tareequl Hijratayen, FN No. 103, P. 25

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